Montesquieu does not believe in any kind of divine right such as divine enlightenment, providence, or guidance or in . In the Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu considers religions "in relation only to the good they produce in civil society", and not to be true or false. He regards different religions as appropriate to different environments and forms of government. Protestantism suites republics the best, Catholicism to monarchies, and Islam to despotisms; the Islamic prohibition on eating pork is appropriate to Arabia, where hogs are scarce and contribute to disease, while in India, where cattle are badly needed but do not thrive, a prohibition on eating beef is suitable. Thus, "when Montezuma with so much obstinacy insisted that the religion of the Spaniards was good for their country, and his for Mexico, he did not assert an absurdity"

11Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy